Long-Term Impact of Untreated Myopia

FAST FACT: The earlier the onset of myopia, the higher the rate of progression and the final degree of myopia.1

There are Significant Risks with Myopia

myopia_risks_retinal_detachment

Retinal Detachment²

  • The retina pulls away from the eye’s supportive tissue

  • Can cause permanent vision loss

2-5 times increase - cataracts

Cataracts²

  • Typically associated with the aging process

  • Tend to develop sooner in nearsighted eyes

myopia_risks_glaucoma

Glaucoma²

  • Due to higher pressure in the eye

  • Damages the optic nerve and causes vision loss

60 fold increase in high myopes

Myopic Maculopathy (macular degeneration)³

  • The most common complication of high myopia¹

  • A slowly progressive and sight threatening condition in which visual loss develops from atrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium and/or secondary complications such as sub-retinal neovascularization¹

  • The only disease amongst the top five causes of blindness that remains entirely untreatable¹

  1. Goss DA, Rainey BB. Relation of Childhood Myopia Progression to Time of Year. J Am Optom Assoc. 1998 Apr;69(4):262-6. – MISSING REF.
  2. Flitcroft, D. (2012). The complex interactions of retinal, optical and environmental factors in myopia aetiology. Progress in Retinal and Eye Research. 31(6): 622-660.
  3. Baxter, N. (2017). Retinal detachment, Cataracts and Glaucoma images and explanations of retinal detachment, cataracts and glaucoma from Infographic: What You Should Know If Your Child Is Nearsighted – AllAboutVision.com. Accessed 25 April 2017. http://www.allaboutvision.com/parents/myopia-facts-infographic.htm.
  4. Myopic Maculopathy image from: Myopic Maculopathy – Singapore National Eye Centre. (n.d.). Accessed 18 April 2017. https://www.snec.com.sg/eye-conditions-and-treatments/common-eye-conditions-and-procedures/Pages/myopic-maculopathy.aspx.